أول شبكة هاتف
( بالانجليزية : Clément Ader )
مهندس وميكانيكي وعالم فيزياء فرنسي
الميلاد : 2 أبريل 1841 موريه – فرنسا
الوفاة : 5 مارس 1925 ( 83 سنة ) تولوز – فرنسا
درس العلوم العامة وبرع في الميكانيكا والفيزياء.
ومن أهم أعماله :
– وضع عدة اختراعات في الهاتف فحسن سبل استخدامه ونفَّذ أول شبكة هاتفية في باريس عام 1880.
– اكتشف طريقة لالتقاط الصوت على المسرح ووضع أسس الهندسة الصوتية في القاعات وعلى المسارح.
– اكتشف في ميدان الطيران أول آلة طائرة اسمها Leole .
– وفي العام 1891 أطلق L’Eole II فنال موضوعه هذا اهتمام الجميع بما فيهم المسئولين الكبار في السلطة.
– وفي العام 1892 أطلق L’Eole III فأطلق عليها اسم طائرة Avion ونال بواسطتها شهادة بالاختراع وهي تشبه الخفاش الكبير.
– وفي 14 تشرين الأول / أكتوبر سنة 1897 في ساتوري انطلقت الطائرة كما يجب أن تسير في إقلاع وطيران بواسطة محرَّك.
– يمكننا الآن رؤية طائرة أدير معروضة في متحف الكونسر فواتوار للمدرسة المهنية والفنية.
جزيرة الأمل || Hope island
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